Iowa City was named the first American City of Literature by UNESCO in 2008. There are currently 20 cities from around the world with the same designation. (The Daily Iowan/File photo)

Iowa City remains UNESCO, despite U.S. withdrawal

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Iowa City will remain a UNESCO City of Literature even though the Trump administration has decided to withdraw from the U.N. agency, effective at the end of 2018.

By Daily Iowan staff

daily-iowan@uiowa.edu

The U.S. State Department’s decision to withdraw from a partnership with an agency that promotes international peace will not affect Iowa City, a World City of Literature destination, one organizer said.

The U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization named Iowa City a “City of Literature” in 2008. Iowa City was the third city in the world recognized as such, and it was the first, and still only, U.S. City of Literature. There are 20 Cities of Literature around the world.

“Our designation is a direct relationship between UNESCO and Iowa City. We plan to keep doing what we’ve done to maintain the designation, which is celebrating literature and sustaining our network with other cities,” said John Kenyon, the executive director of the Iowa City UNESCO City of Literature partnership.

The ninth Iowa City Book Festival has been underway since Oct. 8; it will end Oct. 15. The community’s commitment to writers through various events, such as the festival, helped establish the city’s relationship with UNESCO.

“My personal view is I’m disappointed,” Kenyon said. “I’ve seen the good UNESCO does around the world. It’s disappointing the U.S. doesn’t want to be a part of that.”

The Trump administration announced its decision to withdraw from the organization Thursday morning, citing UNESCO’s “anti-Israel bias.”

In a statement released from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office, he said the U.S. decision was brave and moral.

“… Because UNESCO has become a theater of absurd,” the statement said. “Instead of preserving history, it distorts it.”

Netanyahu said Israel also plans to withdraw from the organization. The United States re-entered UNESCO under President George W. Bush in 2002 to boost international relationships after its 1984 withdrawal under President Ronald Reagan.

RELATED: Iowa City book festival enters ninth year

The Iowa City UNESCO organization released a statement Thursday in response to the administration’s decision.

“The Iowa City UNESCO City of Literature organization is monitoring closely the news from the U.S. State Department that the United States will withdraw from UNESCO at the end of 2018. Because the city’s designation as a UNESCO City of Literature is a direct relationship between the city and UNESCO, there is no expectation that this decision will alter that status.

“… The support our organization has seen since this announcement — from the city of Iowa City, local stakeholders, and our colleagues around the world — has been overwhelming, and we look forward to celebrating our literary culture through this week’s Iowa City Book Festival and beyond.”

Gada Al Herz, a member of the Arab Student Association, said the US’s withdrawal from UNESCO is hypocritical.

“At this point UNESCO is the organization that represents a lot of the US’s international goals or foreign policy goals like fighting terrorism and creating peace between certain groups as well as a myriad of certain things,” Al Herz said. “The basis for this withdrawal makes it all the more worse, that the anti-Israeli bias that the administration is talking about is simply [UNESCO] condemning Israel for violating international law.”

Iowa City Book Festival events will continue as planned today, Saturday, and Oct. 15, taking place in many venues downtown. Some events include book fairs, readings, and workshops.

In April 2018, Iowa City will host the annual meeting of the UNESCO Cities of Literature. The meeting will be in celebration of the city’s 10th anniversary as a recognized City of Literature. In a statement made online earlier this year, Kenyon said there could be representatives from 30 or more cities in attendance.

The United States will remain a full member of UNESCO until Dec. 31, 2018, when the withdrawal will take place, according to the official statement from the State Department.

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